Kotlin is used extensively for Android apps, web application, desktop application, and server-side application development. Kotlin was built to be better than Java, and people who use this language are convinced. Some companies using Kotlin as their programming language include Coursera, Pinterest, PostMates among many others. Java is one of the most popular programming languages used today.

If you’re interested in areas like database management, SQL is a language that you simply have to know. In fact, most developers need to have at least a basic knowledge of the language. The ‘write once, run anywhere’ concept at the heart of Java means it has many different uses. However, some of the main uses include for business software, web applications, and mobile apps. Google’s Android OS, for example, uses Java as its native language. Because of how versatile a language it is, Python has many applications.

Business & Management Further your career with online communication, digital and leadership courses. The absence of templates can limit you to create high-quality data structures. The code written in Ruby is small and contains less number of lines. PHP is not capable of handling a large number of applications and not suitable for large applications.

  • You’ll also find that many coding languages exist to perform specific functions.
  • It is a multi-paradigm programming language, which offers object-oriented and functional programming features.
  • It is very popular in the field of high-performance computing.
  • Applications coded using R can interface with a number of databases and process both structured and unstructured data.
  • Also object-oriented, this general-purpose language is often the choice for coding applications to run across most popular platforms such as Windows, macOS, and Linux.
  • Multiple Spin code threads can run at a time, thus enabling multitasking.

It derives some of its features from Smalltalk and some from the Self language. The Slate design is intended at providing the programmers with an operating system-like environment. Acronym of Distributed Application Specification Language, it is a high-level, strongly typed programming language that was developed at the Sun Microsystems. It was created with an intent to be used for developing web applications. Algorithmic Language, as it is called, is actually a family of imperative programming languages that was developed in the middle 1950s.

Who Uses Python?

Go is also gaining in popularity among data scientists because of its agility and performance. Go was developed by Google in 2007 for APIs and web applications. Go has recently become one of the fastest-growing programming languages due to its simplicity, as well as its ability to handle multicore and networked systems and massive codebases. JavaScript is a high-level programming language that is one of the core technologies of the World Wide Web. It is used as a client-side programming language by 97.8 percent of all websites.

One downside is its less-than-impressive performance and speed compared to other popular languages. There are also some concerns about scalability to larger, more complex platforms. Subpar performance and speed when compared with other popular languages. Created at the MIT Laboratory in 1994, Cilk supports multithreaded parallel programming.

The ones described above lead the pack, in our opinion, as the best programmer training options. And since courses range from Python for the beginner to Java for the experienced, you can find the right fit for you. Go, also known as Golang, was created to meet the needs of programmers working on large projects. It has gained popularity among many large IT companies thanks to its simple and modern structure and syntax familiarity. Companies using Go as their programming language include Google, Uber, Twitch, Dropbox, among many others.


HTML and CSS aren’t the same language and aren’t interchangeable terms. HTML and CSS are combined here since many coders choose to learn CSS while learning HTML. The main reason being that both languages are key to web page design, display, and behavior. Acronym of Synchronizing Resources, SR is a concurrent programming language.

Other Notable Programming Languages

Syntax highlighting is often used to aid programmers in recognizing elements of source code. In the 1960s, Simula was the first language designed to support object-oriented programming; in the mid-1970s, Smalltalk followed with the first “purely” object-oriented language. Programming − When a specific program is to be determined, it is essential to design statements or instructions for the computer to carry out. The art of writing instructions for a computer to determine a particular task is called programming. Statisticians and data miners often use R to develop things like statistical software and data analysis packages. It’s also useful for professionals such as demographers, data scientists, and insurance actuaries to gain statistical insights.

ABCL/1, ABCL/R, and ABCL/R2 are some members of the ABCL family. Niklaus Wirth, the man behind Pascal and Modula came up with Oberon in 1986. It’s main intent is to create automation scripts that can be used for the execution of certain repetitive tasks on Windows. Programmers can use Scala for any task that they normally would use Java for. Scala is a complex language, but that complexity gives it a lot of flexibility. Companies that use Scala include Netflix, Twitter, and the New York Times.