Procedural Oriented Programming language is derived from structured programming and based upon the procedure call concept. It divides a program into small procedures called routines or functions. The advantage of assembly language is that it requires less memory and less execution time to execute a program. OCaml is a multi-paradigm language — it’s functional, imperative and typesafe, with an object-oriented layer.

Ericsson developed Erlang as a distributed soft real-time and fault-tolerant language and released it as an open source computer programming language in 1998. It is one of the most popularly used functional programming languages. Scala is a general-purpose, type-safe Java virtual machine language that combines the best oop and functional programming languages into one special high language. Scala is ideal for reducing and removing bugs in large, complex applications. It supports both object-oriented and functional programming.

  • “When you create a piece of data, you have to declare what other pieces of the code can or cannot see, and what other pieces of the code can or cannot do to that piece of data,” he explained.
  • Whether for particular machines or tasks, these can be quite niche and varied.
  • A programming language must be consistent in terms of syntax and semantics.

Matlab-based programs enable users to analyze data, create algorithms, process images, and verify research. Developed by Microsoft, C# rose to fame in the 2000s for supporting the concepts of object-oriented programming. It is one of the most used programming languages for the .NET framework. Anders Hejlsberg, the creator of C#, says the language is more like C++ than Java.

Markup Languages

High-level languages can be improved as their designers develop improvements. In other cases, new high-level languages evolve from one or more others with the goal of aggregating the most popular constructs with new or improved features. In contrast, low-level programs rarely survive beyond the system architecture which they were written for without major revision.

As well as being good for general use, such as for web applications, it also has many areas of specialisation. A good example of the latter is for artificial intelligence and machine learning. C is a versatile language that has uses in many different areas. It’s mainly used for creating system applications, meaning that operating systems such as Windows and Linux use a lot of C programming. You can also use C to create games, graphics, and apps that use lots of calculations. Its syntax is small compared to other languages, and it’s easy to learn.

Applications coded using R can interface with a number of databases and process both structured and unstructured data. Can sometimes be interpreted differently by different browsers which makes it difficult to write cross-browser code. Interactive mode languages allow for expressions to be entered and show their evaluation right away. Examples include BASIC, ECMAScript, Wolfram Language and Python. Array languages use scalars to apply operations to vectors, matrices and other high-dimensional arrays.


You’ll be able to access/manipulate the most important computer functions, like the file system, graphics, and sound for any fairly sophisticated and modern program that can run on any operating system. Java has been used since the beginning of the World Wide Web to improve websites and add interactive capabilities like buttons and app widgets. The visual and interactive features of websites are programmed by this professional. This role is responsible for designing the structure and database of a website. Embedded devices, such as those in the automotive and healthcare industries, run software written in C, C++, or Rust. Go does not include a library for graphical user interfaces, which are the most common ways that end-users interact with any device that has a screen.


You can learn to script basic functionality on your first day when following a good tutorial. Python is helpful in understanding fundamental coding concepts. Being well-versed in Python is an increasingly desired skill across multiple industries.